The Journal of Engineering and Scientific Research is a peer reviewed multidisciplinary international journal publishing high-quality articles dedicated to all aspects of engineering and sciences. The Journal considers only manuscripts that have not been published (or submitted simultaneously), at any language, elsewhere. Contributions are in English. The Journal is published by the NFC Institute of Engineering and Fertilizer Research Faisalabad, Pakistan. Copyright is by the publisher and the authors. The Journal is issued in electronic open access format (for free) as annual volume (free for the authors). The Journal accepts research articles and review articles.